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I and my clients say great thank you for this trip. Clients enjoyed it much, and especially they say thank you for the Russian speaking guides - they were communicating, friendly, helpful, real professional ones. They made more than my clients excepted from them. Give the best wishes for them! 

It total, everything was great. Thanks again and hope to cooperate with you in the future. Have a nice weekend!

J. S. - Director of Branch Office
Travel Company Europe

November 2017 (12-day China Immersion Beijing - Xi'an - Chongqing - Yangtze Three Gorges - Shanghai)



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  You are here: Home > China Tours > China Attraction Guide > Yungang Grottoes
Yungang GrottoesThe Yungang Grottoes are ancient Buddhist temple grottoes near the city of Datong in northern China's Shanxi Province. The four main sites in China that are famous for their stone sculpture are Dunhuang, Longmen, Yungang and Dazu. Among these, the Yungang grottoes are considered first among equals, for their tremendous size, their ancient history, and their relatively complete state of preservation. In 1961, the State Council of China declared this a National Key Cultural Relics Protected Unit, and in 2001 the site was listed as a World Cultural Heritage Site.

Yungang GrottoesThe site is located about 16 km south-west of the city, in the valley of the Shi Li river at the base of the Wuzhou Shan mountains. The grottoes were mainly constructed in the period between 460-525 AD during the Northern Wei dynasty. They are an outstanding example of the Chinese stone carvings from the 5th and 6th centuries. All together the site is composed of 252 grottoes with more than 51,000 Buddha statues and statuettes.

Fifty-three grottoes remain at Yungang today, with some 51,000 statues. The tallest among these is 17 meters high, the smallest is only a few centimeters. Carving techniques build on and further develop the traditional arts of the Qin and Han dynasties, but also absorb and merge into these the artistic traditions of both India and western regions.

Of the existing 53 grottoes, 21 are spacious and divided into three distinct groups: Yungang Grottoesthe eastern, middle and western. The eastern group (Grottoes 1 to 4) contains mainly pillars and Buddhist statues; the middle group (Grottoes 5 to 13) and the western group (Grottoes 14 to 21) are the most splendid.

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